Even though more and more people are realizing that they need health insurance many are apprehensive about getting a health insurance plan for them. This is because there are too many choices that leads to confusion as to which plan will serve the health needs of them and their family. By learning some basics about health insurance, one can easily get a health insurance plan that is right for their needs.Most of the health insurance plans are got by going through the employer. These days most companies provide health insurance to its employees through a group plan. As most of the employees will be covered through a group, the premium for health insurance comes down. Many of these plans are designed not only to cover the employee but also the family members of the employee. Although this increases the premium paid out, the plan covers the entire family thereby increasing the benefits of the plan. To go by this route through the employer, one needs to check with the department of human resources in the company and check the policy of the company towards health insurance. Every employee should be able to begin an individual health insurance plan through the group scheme at any point of time during the tenure with the company.If you are in between jobs and were previously covered by your employer in the earlier job, the COBRA law entitles you health insurance coverage continued from the coverage you had on the earlier job. This law is passed by the government to protect your health interests and will provide you health insurance although the premium might be increased from what it was earlier. If the insurance coverage was extended to the entire family, the law will permit the continuance of the full coverage for a particular period.However, there are many millions of people in America who are not covered through a group health plan provided by an employer. For such people, the insurance companies offer individual plans. The people under this are mostly those who are self-employed or people who are not provide with health insurance by the employer or those who do not qualify for aid from the government health insurance like Medicaid or Medicare. However, these individual plans are dearer in comparison to the premium paid in the group insurance plans. These plans can also cover other family members by paying extra premium. Getting an individual plan is quite easy as most of the insurance companies provide these plans. One can search through the internet also for more information on these plans. Some sites might help you get a comparison in terms of pricing and other details between various plans.Another avenue that needs to be remembered is federal health aid. People above 65 years or those with some kind of disabilities as mentioned in the guidelines of the government can apply for Medicare. Income based insurance program provided by the government is Medicaid. One must remember that health insurance is very important and whatever avenue is chosen to achieve this is not important. The only thing is that to get the maximum benefit at the lowest costs one should properly research and find the best options one has towards getting health insurance.